Archive for the ‘Basilovecchio Blog’ Category

Solution to Inequality: Federal Income Taxation- “I.R.A.P.”

April 11, 2017

Carmen Basilovecchio
Apr 8
An Answer for”Of Dollars And Data”
Equality and Justice For All: Do Any Solutions Exist?
Rewrite the Rules.Reverse the Money Flow. (I.P.R.A.P.)
March 14, 2017
***** “Believe nothing merely because you have been told it…But whatsoever, after due examination and analysis, you find to be kind, conducive to the good, the benefit, the welfare of all beings — that doctrine believe and cling to, and take it as your guide.”- Buddha[Gautama Siddharta] (563–483 BC), Hindu Prince, founder of Buddhism
******* “”We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them”.Albert Einstein
“It’s time to rewrite the rules―to curb the runaway flow of wealth to the top one percent, to restore security and opportunity for the middle class, and to foster stronger growth rooted in broadly shared prosperity.”( Economic Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz)
Increase……. Wages, Jobs, the Standard of Living.
Decrease…… National Debt, Poverty, Inequality Gaps.
A HISTORIC CHANGE For The Betterment of The People.
Allow everyone to achieve “The American Dream” and to retain their “Fair Share”
Yes,”It’s a very exciting time for America.
Your voices represent a bright new future for our great nation full of more opportunities for everyone, not just a select few.
Together, we have created a movement that continues to gain momentum.
Together, we are making history. Together, we are bringing back the American Dream.
The time is now, Together, we will Make America Great Again!”
The U S Constitution has structured this union
so that the Chief Executive Officer, CEO (The President)
is responsible to its Board of Directors, BOD (The Congress)
and with its Chief Compliance Office, CCO (The U.S. Supreme Court)
shall work together “…to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity,…”
As Nobel Laureate Frederick Soddy stated, “Money now is a license to live.”
“Since, in all monetary civilizations, it is money that alone can effect the exchange of wealth and the continuous flow of goods and services throughout the nation, money has become the lifeblood of the community, and for each individual a veritable license to live at all…”(The Role Of Money.)
It is time to claim “Your FAIR SHARE of the American Dream.”
Make the money flow for the betterment “Of The People,” a reversal, a change “For The People.”
Now is the time to create the laws that would allow this change in direction.
Help to decrease the gaps of inequality, help decrease the numbers of those
in the grip of poverty, help raise the standard of living; all at the same time…
“Trickle Down” now doesn’t work.
Yes, OCCUPY, Yes, Pope Francis, the “Trickle Down” system doesn’t work.
It doesn’t work because the establishment impedes the flow.
REPEAT: It doesn’t work because the establishment impedes the flow.
This must change.
We must remove these impediments and create a flow of wealth directly to the “PEOPLE.”
The system is meant to “reward all”, to allow all “Their Fair Share”.
Millions now realize;… the economy is rigged, …the justice system is rigged, …the health care system is rigged, …the employment system is rigged.
All part of an economic system that is really just a rigged political system.
Fortunately, this past November the voters across America have made the choice to cast a revolutionary vote to “MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN.”
SEVENTY percent of the people believe the American economy is rigged. And they’re right.
EIGHTY percent of the people desire a change, a revolution. And they’re right.
History has allowed an opportunity for “AMERICA TO MAKE ITSELF GREAT AGAIN.”
We must mandate a reversal of “… an economic recovery program that has… fueled the increase in wealth inequality…”
Reverse that program, make the money FLOW to “…help form a more perfect Union,
establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote
the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity…”
“Yes, We Can Lower Taxes, Pay Off The Debt, And At The Same Time Increase Revenue.”

( I.P.R.A.P. )

Capitalism demands inequality as a just proportional reward.
It is the size of the “Gaps” where the administration of inequality becomes distorted.
The size of the ‘Gaps’ is a demand of the administration of the quality and quantity of these ‘gaps’.
Taxation is a ways and means by which a government controls the quality and quantity of its currency already in circulation.
Currency that it can redistribute without changing the quality or quantity of the entire currency.
American Capitalism should allow everyone to achieve
‘The American Dream’ and to retain that “Fair Share.”
But that dream should not impede the poor and elderly from achieving their FAIR SHARE.
Nor should it impede the risk and reward which will ultimately lead to a betterment for all.
A federal taxation of personal income must recognize the sanctity of “The fruits of mankind’s labor”
A federal taxation of personal income should be used to control the distribution of income to obtain
a fair and just sharing of the American Dream, a just and fair sharing of the world’s riches while
maintaining the greatest standard of living.
“Inequality and Poverty Reduction Adjustment Program” ( I.P.R.A.P. )
“THE NEW ONE PAGE: Federal Personal Income Tax: 2017”
Brackets & Rates for Joint filers with:
GROUP ONE- income less than $100,000:
GROUP TWO- income more than $100,000 but less than $225,000:
GROUP THREE-income more than $225,000:
*Brackets for single filers are ½ of these amounts.
ALL income is taxable and must be reported.
All income is to be taxed at the same rate-30%.
NO exemptions. NO loopholes.Period.
This plan will increase the standard deduction for joint filers to $80,000,
and the standard deduction for single filers will be $40,000.
Taxes must be paid, any claim of injustice may be filed for a proportional refund, if approved, it shall become a tax credit in the next year.
***The Tax Group One:
A… will receive a 8% distribution to replace their losses caused by sales taxes which are a detriment to their ‘standard of living’. This 8% will also replace any Social Security loss.The rebate will help grow our economy as well as allow wage earners to keep their share of the American Dream and raise the standard of living.
Refundable Tax credits that become ‘overages’ will become an immediate cash refund.
B… will receive a ‘take home’ pay increase.There will be no FICA payment taken out of their pay.This is at ZERO cost to production (The minimum wage concept would cost jobs as well as increase production cost). This merely places what was earned into their paycheck; it is the F.I.C.A. that was withheld from them; now going directly into their take home pay.
C… VETERANS WHO SERVED; DESERVE a direct lifetime annual refundable tax credit of $3,000.
( I.P.R.A.P. ) will create a direct increase in wages, an increase in Social Security, a direct increase
in income to more than 80% “of the people.” and it will be done “along with a
reduction in National Debt.”
We must mandate that the Executive branch and the Legislative branch,
Reverse an economic privileged program that has lead to increases in wealth inequality.
Reverse that program, make the money FLOW to “…help form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure
the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity…”

“Inequality and Justice For All”…FULL TEXT:
The Future of Economic Outcomes in the U.S.
This week I want to discuss what I believe will be the most important economic issue in the coming decades: income and wealth inequality.
However, before I dive into this, I want to emphasize that inequality by itself is not necessarily a bad thing. In the U.S. most people support some level of inequality to reward those who work hard, take financial risks (i.e. starting a business), or get lucky. This is true as long as there is equality of opportunity (i.e. everyone starts at the same place). The problem is that everyone does not start at the same place though we would like to think they do. Putting this aside, the big question is: should we have a mechanism in place to prevent extreme levels of inequality, even if everyone does start off equally?
If you haven’t read or heard much on income/wealth inequality, I highly recommend watching this video to understand how unequal wealth has gotten within the U.S. If you don’t have time for the video, this chart will do (from this article):

As you can see that the top 1% has seen a huge increase in the share of national income while the bottom 50% have seen a decrease in their share. However, this is for total income. If we were to look at specific kinds of income and assets in the U.S. more generally, we would see a clearer picture of what is driving inequality. Using the Survey of Consumer Finances data I looked at the inequality across households for various financial metrics (i.e. Net Worth, Assets, Dividend Income, etc.). I found that though income inequality is getting worse, financial assets exhibit far more inequality:

The y-axis here is an inequality measure (a Gini coefficient calculated using the household weights from the Survey of Consumer Finances). As you can see, income from financial assets exhibits far more inequality than traditional wage income. This data aligns with a Bloomberg article that discusses some of the main drivers of recent inequality including: an increased share of capital income compared to labor income and rising concentrations of capital.
Essentially, technological changes have given the owners of capital a bigger share of the gains than the individuals using that capital. This is why business owners are getting rich while employees are not, though employees are far more productive than they used to be (see my article on productivity here). One solution is to get more individuals to have more ownership of capital (i.e. businesses, stocks, etc.), which is easier said than done.
So inequality is increasing, but what’s the big deal? Simply: large enough relative differences in income/wealth can lead to civil unrest. Yes I am talking about “grabbing the pitchforks” among other things. You might think I am crazy for suggesting this as a possibility, then what do you think about the Silicon Valley elite who have already started preparing for this scenario? I think as a nation we need to realize that even with equality of opportunity, we need to have some mechanism in place to prevent extreme levels of inequality if current trends continue. The Giving Pledge which has the support of many top billionaires is a start, but I don’t think this will be enough, especially with the current tax proposals being considered in Washington.
Equality and Justice For All: Do Any Solutions Exist?
Given where we are today, do any solutions exist to slow or reverse rising inequality? One possibility, which almost never discussed by the media/politicians, is raising the capital gains tax. One study attributed most of the changes in inequality to lowered capital gains taxes in recent decades.
The counter argument against increased capital gains taxes is that they lower incentives for investment and harm economic growth. However, there seems to be no empirical evidence of this. In a testimony by Leonard E. Burman in 2012, Burman found that there was no significant correlation between the capital gains tax and economic growth in the U.S:

Now, even if we increased the capital gains tax, this does not address how to increase the income/wealth of lower classes. Capital gains is a way to slow the rich down, but it won’t necessarily speed up the poor. For this reason I don’t like this solution that much.
A better solution that also addresses the imbalance in financial asset ownership was proposed in a book by Jerry Kaplan. The idea is to set a company’s corporate tax rate based upon the number of people that would benefit from ownership. Therefore, those companies that have wider distribution of ownership would be taxed less than companies with concentrated ownership. This would provide an advantage in the marketplace to those companies that are owned most equitably by the most number of people. I personally think it is a fantastic idea in theory, though it may be difficult in practice and can likely be gamed.
One final caveat on this discussion is that inequality is not static. The people in the top 1% percent of income in one year are not all the same people in the next year. There is some level of income mobility in the U.S. as this New York Times article discusses how “12 percent of of the population will find themselves in the top 1 percent of the income distribution for at least one year” and “56 percent will find themselves in the top 10 percent.”
I hope you enjoyed thinking about some of these issues as I am unsure myself on how we can solve them. Please comment if you have any thoughts on this, I would love to hear them. I don’t know what the future holds, but I hope it isn’t pitch forks.
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This is post 10. Any and all code I have related to this post can be found here with the same numbering:
The above references an opinion and is for information purposes only. It is not intended to be investment advice. Seek a duly licensed professional for investment advice. The postings on this site are my own and do not necessarily reflect the views of my employer.